Transport and Environment

Transport and Environment

In Search of Sustainable Solutions

Transport Economics, Management and Policy series

Edited by Eran Feitelson and Erik Verhoef

The impact of transport on the environment is a major issue of worldwide concern. This important new book presents state-of-the-art contributions on spatial and technological aspects of transport in relation to environmental degradation, together with analysis of sustainable transport policy.

Chapter 5: Traffic and transport in the twenty-first century: market chances of new drive concepts for land-based transport

Wim Korver

Subjects: economics and finance, environmental economics, transport, environment, environmental economics, transport, urban and regional studies, transport


Feitelson Part 2 13/8/01 8:52 am Page 75 5. Traffic and transport in the twentyfirst century: market chances of new drive concepts for land-based transport Wim Korver INTRODUCTION Incentive and Background for Study Electricity is an important source of energy for collective passenger transport (train, underground, tram and trolley bus). In individual passenger and freight transport, electricity does not play a significant role. Nevertheless, thanks partly to the increase in environmental awareness, the interest in electricity as a source of energy in traffic and transport has increased in recent years. Intensified use of (new) collective passenger transport, but also large-scale introduction of electrically powered road vehicles can achieve this. The implementation of such ideas has major implications for the supply of energy in the Netherlands. This is also the reason behind doing a large-scale study of the possible image of the traffic and transport system around the middle of the next century. In order to gain greater insight into this issue, NV Sep (N.V. Samenwerkende Elektriciteits-Produktiebedrijven) commissioned a systems study. The aspect with the most uncertainty is the development of new propulsion systems within individual transport. This could be an all-electric vehicle, but also hybrid-electric or fuel cell vehicles could come into the marketplace. Total electricity demand from the transport sector will to a large extent be dependent on the market opportunities for new propulsion systems. This chapter therefore deals mainly with the market shares of the different propulsion systems. However, the leading principle in this chapter is that...

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