A Modelling Approach
Transport Economics, Management and Policy series
Edited by Bruno De Borger and Stef Proost
Chapter 12: Urban transport pricing in Amsterdam: policy simulations for 2005
Jeroen C.J.M. van den Bergh and Erik T. Verhoef 12.1 INTRODUCTION This chapter presents the results of urban transport pricing and technology regulation policy simulations that have been performed with the urban model for the city of Amsterdam in The Netherlands for the year 2005. This section presents some background information on the city and its transport. 12.1.1 General Information on Amsterdam1 Amsterdam is the capital city of The Netherlands. On 1 January 1996 it had about 718000 inhabitants, including 353000 households, composed of 165000 single-person households, 85000 couples, 28400 single-parent families and 52400 two-parent families. 143378 people are younger than 19 years, 479342 are between 19 and 65 and 95371 are older than 65. Furthermore, 275000 inhabitants are employed, 83300 are unemployed and 168806 people are studying (including all types of education). The city population reached a peak of 870000 in 1960, and has stabilised somewhat since the 1990s. The surface area of Amsterdam is equal to 20158 hectares, its population density 4555 inhabitants per km2, and its housing density 2213 houses per km2. Most of the area is entirely ﬂat and situated below sea level. A little over 5 per cent of the surface area (1116.26 ha) is infrastructure, including: 333.25 ha rail, 751.42 ha normal roads and 31.58 ha other. The city is divided into 19 districts that have a large degree of political autonomy and 98 neighbourhoods. Variation is large between these, in terms of, among other things, population density, demographic and ethnic structure, institutes for...
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