Chapter 2: Beyond the crisis: development strategies in Asia
Amartya Kumar Sen1 ASIA AND THE GENERAL UNDERSTANDING OF DEVELOPMENT Asia, I would argue, is a great source of understanding and knowledge about the process of development in general. A fuller analysis of Asia’s achievements and problems is a good way of assessing the demands and challenges of development itself. Asia has had a variety of experiences, including extremely successful ones, in diﬀerent ﬁelds. The overall result has been a reformulation not only of the answers to standard questions about development, but also of the questions themselves. Indeed, even the study of the problems and diﬃculties that the region has encountered can be a rich source of understanding of the demands of the process of development. Development strategies for Asia do, of course, have a specially local relevance, but ultimately they also have extensive global interest. The subject, thus, has both regional and universal signiﬁcance. ASSESSMENT OF THE PAST FOR BUILDING THE FUTURE Let me begin with a couple of brief remarks on methodology. First, even if our primary concern is with the problems and adversities that the region currently faces, it would be appropriate to begin with an attempt to understand the special achievements – indeed the very great achievements – of the region and the general strategies that have made that success possible. We may have to look for new departures, but we also have reason to protect and build on the richness and creativity on which the region’s accomplishments have been based. I shall argue that,...
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