Labour Market Policy and Unemployment

Labour Market Policy and Unemployment

Impact and Process Evaluations in Selected European Countries

Labour Markets and Employment Policy series

Edited by Jaap de Koning and Hugh Mosley

This book examines the effectiveness of active labour market policies and their contribution to the prevention of social exclusion. The evaluation studies reported in this volume focus on two aspects of active labour market policies that have been relatively neglected in previous research and merit special attention.

Chapter 10: Towards intensified local level co-operation in the design and implementation of labour market policies: an evaluation of some Swedish experiments and reforms

Lars Behrenz, Lennart Delander and Harald Niklasson

Subjects: social policy and sociology, labour policy

Extract

10. Towards intensified local level co-operation in the design and implementation of labour market policies: an evaluation of some Swedish experiments and reforms1 Lars Behrenz, Lennart Delander and Harald Niklasson In May 1996 the Swedish parliament voted to initiate a series of pilot projects aimed at strengthening and improving co-operation at local level among the various agencies and organizations working to reduce high unemployment and assist the unemployed. Since July 1996 these pilot projects have been initiated in 27 municipalities on the basis of contracts between each of these municipalities and the government. At the same time, the parliament also voted to carry out an institutional reform aimed at strengthening the role of local actors in the design and implementation of labour market policy (LMP) measures, including activities financed by means of funds specifically earmarked for such purposes by the government. As a consequence of this reform, local LMP in all Swedish municipalities (not just, as was originally conceived, in the 27 ‘experimental municipalities’) is now led and co-ordinated by a local committee in which the chairman and the majority of the members are appointed by the municipality. The remaining differences between the ‘experimental municipalities’ and other municipalities are that the former (1) have signed contracts with the government obliging them to implement a specified set of pilot projects; and (2) have committed themselves to contributing a minimum of 25 per cent of the total cost of these projects. These pilot projects are designed to support the...

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