Business Strategy and Public Policy
Edited by Yannis Caloghirou, Nicholas S. Vonortas and Stavros Ioannides
Yannis Caloghirou, Nicholas S. Vonortas and Stavros Ioannides At the start of a new millennium, Europe ﬁnds itself at a crossroads. At Europe’s core, the European Union (EU) has provided the continent with stable democratic institutions and is fulﬁlling long-held dreams of integration of the continent, divided for centuries by wars and languages but united by shared common cultures and traditions. With no fewer than ten new countries to add to its existing 15 member states and with an on-going debate on broadening versus deepening, the EU has launched unprecedented eﬀorts to achieve monetary union among member states, to proceed with an orderly expansion to the east and south that may double membership in just a few years, and to reconsider its budgets, institutional organization and constitutional statutes. In the midst of all this upheaval, the Union has embarked on a major reorganization of its famed Framework Programmes for Research and Technological Development (FWP). Oﬃcially initiated in 1984, the ﬁrst ﬁve FWPs have been basic pillars of European scientiﬁc and technological development, integration and cohesion during the past couple of decades. They have supported all kinds of research and development (R&D) in high technology sectors, have forced European organizations to work together in cross-border partnerships, and have created a sense of European ‘togetherness’ in science and technology (S&T). The time of this writing coincides with the launch by the European Commission of the Sixth Framework Programme (FWP6). The Sixth Framework Programme for Research and...