European Collaboration in Research and Development

European Collaboration in Research and Development

Business Strategy and Public Policy

Edited by Yannis Caloghirou, Nicholas S. Vonortas and Stavros Ioannides

The contributions collected in this volume focus explicitly on cooperative R & D in Europe. The first part of the book offers empirical evidence on the extent, scope and direction of this collaboration and explores the motives and problems of the participating firms, as well as the perceived benefits they have enjoyed. The second part deals with the difficult policy issues that diverse national R & D regimes create for successful cooperative research and international convergence. The extensive survey results of European firms allow the authors to compare collaborative research policies in various EU countries and contrast the policy design that has emerged in the EU with that of the USA.

Chapter 1: General Introduction

Yannis Caloghirou, Nicholas S. Vonortas and Stavros Ioannides

Subjects: economics and finance, industrial organisation, innovation and technology, innovation policy


Yannis Caloghirou, Nicholas S. Vonortas and Stavros Ioannides At the start of a new millennium, Europe finds itself at a crossroads. At Europe’s core, the European Union (EU) has provided the continent with stable democratic institutions and is fulfilling long-held dreams of integration of the continent, divided for centuries by wars and languages but united by shared common cultures and traditions. With no fewer than ten new countries to add to its existing 15 member states and with an on-going debate on broadening versus deepening, the EU has launched unprecedented efforts to achieve monetary union among member states, to proceed with an orderly expansion to the east and south that may double membership in just a few years, and to reconsider its budgets, institutional organization and constitutional statutes. In the midst of all this upheaval, the Union has embarked on a major reorganization of its famed Framework Programmes for Research and Technological Development (FWP). Officially initiated in 1984, the first five FWPs have been basic pillars of European scientific and technological development, integration and cohesion during the past couple of decades. They have supported all kinds of research and development (R&D) in high technology sectors, have forced European organizations to work together in cross-border partnerships, and have created a sense of European ‘togetherness’ in science and technology (S&T). The time of this writing coincides with the launch by the European Commission of the Sixth Framework Programme (FWP6). The Sixth Framework Programme for Research and...