European Collaboration in Research and Development

European Collaboration in Research and Development

Business Strategy and Public Policy

Edited by Yannis Caloghirou, Nicholas S. Vonortas and Stavros Ioannides

The contributions collected in this volume focus explicitly on cooperative R & D in Europe. The first part of the book offers empirical evidence on the extent, scope and direction of this collaboration and explores the motives and problems of the participating firms, as well as the perceived benefits they have enjoyed. The second part deals with the difficult policy issues that diverse national R & D regimes create for successful cooperative research and international convergence. The extensive survey results of European firms allow the authors to compare collaborative research policies in various EU countries and contrast the policy design that has emerged in the EU with that of the USA.

Chapter 5: R & D Cooperation: A Case Study Analysis on Subsidised European Projects

Ioanna Kastelli and Yannis Caloghirou

Subjects: economics and finance, industrial organisation, innovation and technology, innovation policy

Extract

5. R&D cooperation: a case study analysis on subsidized European projects Ioanna Kastelli and Yannis Caloghirou The empirical analysis based on the STEP TO RJVs databank and the company survey was complemented by a series of case studies of specific cooperative R&D ventures, which were funded either in the context of EU Framework Programmes or in the context of national initiatives supporting collaboration. In this chapter we present the findings from 21 case studies carried out in seven European countries, namely France, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Spain, Sweden and the UK, during the period May to December 1999. The value of these studies derives from the qualitative nature of information that is provided on the factors that influence the formation and evolution/development of R&D cooperation. The unit of analysis was the R&D cooperative project. Only completed projects were appraised, each covered by two interviews: one with the coordinating partner and one with one of the other participant organizations. The cases to be studied were chosen so as to ensure a diverse portfolio of projects in terms of number of participants, technological areas, involvement of public actors, type of relationship among the partners (vertical and competitive), involvement of SMEs. The interviews followed a common list of basic topics that were covered during a face-to-face semi-structured discussion. These topics related to questions that are broadly discussed at a theoretical level and that have also been addressed in previous empirical work: ● ● ● ● ● ● Initiation of the idea for the RJV...

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