European Collaboration in Research and Development

European Collaboration in Research and Development

Business Strategy and Public Policy

Edited by Yannis Caloghirou, Nicholas S. Vonortas and Stavros Ioannides

The contributions collected in this volume focus explicitly on cooperative R & D in Europe. The first part of the book offers empirical evidence on the extent, scope and direction of this collaboration and explores the motives and problems of the participating firms, as well as the perceived benefits they have enjoyed. The second part deals with the difficult policy issues that diverse national R & D regimes create for successful cooperative research and international convergence. The extensive survey results of European firms allow the authors to compare collaborative research policies in various EU countries and contrast the policy design that has emerged in the EU with that of the USA.

Chapter 9: United Kingdom Public Policies and Collaboration in Research and Development

Katharine Barker, Luke Georghiou and Hugh Cameron

Subjects: economics and finance, industrial organisation, innovation and technology, innovation policy


9. United Kingdom public policies and collaboration in R&D Katharine Barker, Luke Georghiou and Hugh Cameron1 INTRODUCTION This chapter will consider the attitude of the UK government towards industrial collaboration in research and development. Of course, this cannot be isolated from public policies towards research and technological development and their role in creating economic prosperity and national security. Industrial R&D collaboration is not, however, shaped by R&D policy alone, but by the broader context of operation of industrial firms. Below is given a brief account of the status of industrial R&D in the UK, and the main characteristics and concerns of science and technology policy in recent years. The format, though not the scale, for public support of industrial R&D collaboration has been remarkably stable over the past two decades. For this reason a historical perspective is adopted to show the development of these policies and their underpinning rationales. The ‘flagship’ policy to promote R&D collaboration in the 1980s was the Alvey programme for advanced information technology, which is described and reviewed. In many ways Alvey provided the model for both UK and other European schemes to support collaborative R&D. Its successors, and the shift to an emphasis upon promotion of R&D collaboration between industry and the science base, are then considered. European collaborative programmes have affected UK industrial participation in R&D collaboration and domestic policy in the area: both the Framework Programmes and EUREKA have been important. In line...

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