Business Strategy and Public Policy
Edited by Yannis Caloghirou, Nicholas S. Vonortas and Stavros Ioannides
Chapter 14: Policies for Cooperative R & D
14. Policies for cooperative R&D Yannis Caloghirou, Nicholas S. Vonortas and Stavros Ioannides Since the early 1980s, the governments of industrialized countries have made a strong eﬀort to promote cooperative industrial research. The chapters in this part of the book point out signiﬁcant convergence of key policy areas in Europe during the past 10 to 15 years that directly aﬀect the incentives of ﬁrms to engage in cooperative R&D. Such convergence has been reﬂected in science, technology, and innovation policies, competition policies, and intellectual property rights policies. Important tendencies in this direction across the continent include: ● ● ● ● ● ● ● Increasing awareness of the competitiveness issue and its relation to innovation. Increasing awareness of innovation as a process involving both a technology-producing and a technology-using side. Increasing awareness of systems of innovation, ﬁrmly based on interconnections and interaction between economic agents of diﬀerent kinds. Greater attention to the potential of R&D cooperation to serve as a mechanism that promotes such interaction and contributes to increasing the technological prowess of ﬁrms and regions. Emphasis on university-industry and public research instituteindustry cooperation. Assistance to small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs), placing special emphasis on small entrants into emerging high technology markets. Awareness of the importance of the institutional, physical, regulatory, and ﬁnancial infrastructure to support emerging technologies and increasing realization of the importance of adequate competition and IPR policies to promote cooperative R&D. By and large, however, the story told in these chapters – and in other papers...
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