Chapter 7: Patterns of Social Exclusion: Implications for Policy and Research
7. Patterns of social exclusion: implications for policy and research Christopher Heady and Graham Room The purpose of this chapter is to bring together the analysis in the preceding chapters by summarising the main results, discussing their implications for the European policy agenda and indicating areas for further data collection and analysis. As explained in Chapter 1, the book has three objectives: to increase understanding of poverty and disadvantage, to examine and compare the extent and impact of such deprivation, and to establish the eﬀect of government policies on these phenomena. The research described in the preceding chapters fulﬁls these objectives by looking at the problems of poverty and social exclusion from the point of view of four ‘risk groups’: young adults, lone parents, sick and disabled people, and the retired. In the context of information on the broad characteristics of these groups and the policies towards them in each country, ECHP data (except for Norway) are used to compare the incidence of poverty and non-monetary deprivation of people in these groups with the rest of the population. This is to identify the factors that increase or reduce the risk of deprivation for members of each group, and to identify the impact of social transfers received by members of each group. THE ROLES OF FAMILIES, EMPLOYMENT AND SOCIAL POLICY The results in the risk group chapters show considerable complexity. The characteristics of the risk groups, particularly young adults and lone parents, are diﬀerent in each country. This...
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