Developing Pressure Indicators for Europe
Edited by Anil Markandya and Nick Dale
A. Viergever1 and W. Sauer 1. BACKGROUND Eurostat, the Statistical Ofﬁce of the European Communities, has embarked on a project to deﬁne pressure indicators for ten of the major policy ﬁelds within the EU’s environmental policy, as laid down in the Fifth Environmental Action Programme (5EAP).2 One of these ten policy ﬁelds is Resource Depletion, which is the subject of this part of the volume. Elements of the Eurostat project comprise the operationalization of the ten policy ﬁelds in terms of delimitation with respect to other policy ﬁelds. Three essays, drafted by noted experts within each policy ﬁeld, contributed to this aim and also provided a starting-point for the development of a limited set of about thirty indicators per policy ﬁeld. Based on these essays, the suggestions made by the ‘Scientiﬁc Advisory Groups’ (SAGs – some 200–300 experts per policy ﬁeld throughout the EU) and the expertise from earlier projects, INFOPLAN Environmental Consultants, contractors of Eurostat, have created a framework allowing the delimitation, aggregation and positioning of indicators for Resource Depletion on a European scale. The potential indicators were obtained by sending a questionnaire to the SAG for Resource Depletion, asking for suggestions. This produced a huge and heterogeneous set of indicators, which had to be reduced to a ‘manageable’ set of speciﬁc pressure indicators for Resource Depletion, to be used as the basis for the second round of the survey – the ranking of the indicators. Similar suggestions were grouped into pressure indicators which are...