Interregional Linkages in a Changing Global System
Edited by Peter W. Preston and Julie Gilson
Chapter 9: The European Union's commercial policymaking towards China
CHAPTER 9 12/9/01 9:05 am Page 1 9. The European Union’s commercial policymaking towards China 1 Tseng, Su-Ling INTRODUCTION How to describe the development of European Union (EU)2 commercial policymaking in respect of China? How best to analyse this policy process? What are the characteristics of this policymaking? Who are the players in this decision-making process? Which players are influential? How to assess the competence of players in this policy process? What affects and shapes the policy outcomes? These questions deserve answers. In the case of China, the major driving force of policymaking has kept on changing: from the EU’s internal dynamism in the early days to the complicated entanglement of internal and external dynamism in recent years.3 Given its technical and symbolic nature in the early days, EU commercial policymaking in respect of China was, to a great extent, a reflection of EU structure, particularly the EU institutional settings relevant to the making of EU external policy. Along with the increasing engagement of China in the world economic system, the gradual strengthening of EU-China economic relations and the growing politicization of policymaking in relation to China,4 implications of developments (considerably) outside the EU have become more important. Nevertheless, this does not mean that the impacts of external developments are, and will be, more important than those of EU internal dynamism. The impacts of EU internal dynamism upon policy outcomes are as important as they were two decades ago, while the impacts of external dynamism have gradually...
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