Innovation and Employment

Innovation and Employment

Process versus Product Innovation

Charles Edquist, Leif Hommen and Maureen McKelvey

Which kinds of growth lead to increased employment and which do not? This is one of the questions that this important volume attempts to answer. The book explores the complex relationships between innovation, growth and employment that are vital for both research into, and policy for, the creation of jobs.

Chapter 6: Summary and Conclusions

Charles Edquist, Leif Hommen and Maureen McKelvey

Subjects: economics and finance, economics of innovation, industrial economics, innovation and technology, economics of innovation


This chapter provides a summary of the empirical evidence in relation to our research questions, conceptual framework and theoretical basis. Moreover, it draws conclusions about the relations between different kinds of innovations and the creation or destruction of jobs. Section 6.1 relates the concepts and categories first presented in Chapter 2 to the specific arguments that were developed to interpret the empirical evidence reviewed in Part II (Chapters 3, 4 and 5). This section is primarily concerned with demonstrating the relevance and usefulness of our analytical framework. However, the discussion has an empirical basis as well, which is indicated by brief references to the supporting evidence discussed under various hypotheses in Part II. The second section (6.2) is more concerned with the further development of ‘appreciative’ theorizing. Here, we consolidate and systematize some elements of our theoretical perspective on innovations and employment. This is done by linking together arguments that were developed in relation to specific concepts and particular hypotheses (or sets of hypotheses) in Part II. The result is a more general argument about the employment consequences of different kinds of innovations and their relation to different kinds of growth. Section 6.3 applies this argument to the empirical evidence reviewed in Part II. Three general propositions are presented and discussed in relation to relevant research findings. In this way, we develop empirically grounded conclusions. We also raise questions for future research and discuss relevant methodological concerns. This final section draws together the main points made in the book as...

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