Contested Concepts in Gender and Social Politics

Contested Concepts in Gender and Social Politics

Edited by Barbara Hobson, Jane Lewis and Birte Siim

An important contribution to the current literature on gender and social politics, this book challenges mainstream thinking on welfare states, citizenship, family, work, and social policy. Contested Concepts in Gender and Social Politics analyses the corresponding shifts in political discourse, and the changes in socio-political configurations that mirror changing gender relations.

Chapter 5: Contractualization

Ute Gerhard, Trudie Knijn and Jane Lewis

Subjects: development studies, family and gender policy, social policy and sociology, comparative social policy, economics of social policy, family and gender policy

Extract

Ute Gerhard, Trudie Knijn and Jane Lewis The idea of contract has been fundamental to workings of Western states since the eighteenth century. At the end of the twentieth century there was evidence that governments were seeking to employ the mechanism of contract in what had become the major fields of collective provision under the auspices of modern ‘welfare states’, particularly social security, education, health and social care services. Indeed, the mechanism of contract was also being considered by governments as an appropriate way of ordering personal relationships. This pervasive shift towards ‘contractualization’ is inevitably premised on assumptions regarding greater individualization. Some feminists at the beginning and at the end of the twentieth century have been inclined to view a more contractual model as a means of promoting greater equality. However, insofar as men and women remain substantively unequal in many respects, not least economically, the move to contractualization may also pose significant threats. The idea of a ‘social contract’ was central to the way in which eighteenthcentury political theorists solved the conundrum of how to secure political obligation and yet protect individual freedom. For Locke and Rousseau, the parties to the social contract were the citizens, who agreed to a form of government. The problem for women was of course that they were excluded from the status of citizen (Okin, 1989). The concept of contract was also crucial to the development of markets. The extension of civil rights in the eighteenth century was designed to permit people to...

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.

Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.

Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

Further information