Because it is technically flawed and morally bankrupt, the author argues, the
economist’s consequence-based, procedurally detached theory of the state has
contributed to the growth of government. As part of the Kantian–Rawlsian
contractarian project, this book seeks to return economics to its foundations in
moral philosophy. Given the moral equivalence of persons, the greatest possible
equal participation must be promoted, persons must be impartially treated and,
because it is grounded in consequentialist social welfare theory (SWT), the
economist’s theory of the state must be rejected. Ad hoc deployment of SWT has
facilitated discriminatory rent seeking and contributed to larger government. In
contrast, this book argues that equal political participation and a constitutional
impartiality constraint minimize rent seeking, respect individual perceptions of the
‘public good’ and underwrite the legitimacy of government. Economists, moral
philosophers and political scientists will find this book a unique contribution to
Subjects: economics and finance, public choice theory, public sector economics, politics and public policy, public choice
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