Spatial Patterns, Congestion and Modelling
Transport Economics, Management and Policy series
Edited by Eliahu Stern, IIan Salomon and Piet H.L. Bovy
Chapter 2: Transport networks and mobility: Acomparison analysis of the Randstad, the Rhine–Ruhr area and the Antwerp–Brussels–Ghent region
2. Transport networks and mobility: A comparison analysis of the Randstad, the Rhine–Ruhr area and the Antwerp– Brussels–Ghent region Gysbertus R.M. Jansen, Hans Hilbers and Isabel Wilmink 1. BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES The trafﬁc volumes of the Dutch motorway system are very high. In particular, the motorways in the highly urbanized and densely populated regions in the western and central part of the country are trafﬁcked heavily, resulting in a high level of congestion. The number of these tailbacks, as well as their duration, has increased steadily during recent years. A key objective of Dutch economic policy is to provide and maintain high accessibility and a reliable infrastructure in order to enhance its competitiveness in a European context. In addition to accessibility as a locational factor for businesses in general, the importance of the transport and freight sectors within the economy may explain this strategy. The increasing level of congestion is thought to result in a deteriorating level of accessibility, which in turn leads to a lower level of economic growth and employment. Since the central cities of the Randstad area in particular are suffering from high levels of unemployment and congestion, there was a strong desire to carry out a comparative analysis of the mobility patterns, transport supply and accessibility levels in competing and comparable European metropolitan areas. A number of interrelated projects have been commissioned by the Dutch Ministry of Transport and Public Works to TNO–Inro including performing these comparisons for personal travel (Hilbers...
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