Table of Contents

Travel Behaviour

Travel Behaviour

Spatial Patterns, Congestion and Modelling

Transport Economics, Management and Policy series

Edited by Eliahu Stern, IIan Salomon and Piet H.L. Bovy

Travel Behaviour is a challenging and original volume, adding to the growing literature focusing on understanding transportation systems. The book capitalises on actual scientific and applied developments in Europe, the importance of EC policies and the resultant trend in studying differences between North American and European research.

Chapter 5: Telecommuting/teleworking: A virtual commuting possibility - the cases of Belgium and Brussels

Viviane Illegems, Alain Verbeke and Rosette S’Jegers

Subjects: economics and finance, regional economics, transport, environment, transport, urban and regional studies, regional economics, transport


5. Telecommuting/teleworking: A virtual commuting possibility – the cases of Belgium and Brussels Viviane Illegems, Alain Verbeke and Rosette S’Jegers 1. INTRODUCTION: THE RANGE OF CURRENT MOBILITY PROBLEMS IN BELGIUM AND BRUSSELS The traffic congestion problem in Belgium and Brussels has increased substantially in the recent past. To measure the severity of the congestion problem, the growth in demand can be contrasted with the expansion of supply of road infrastructure. The demand for mobility can be analyzed using the following indicators: the number of motorized vehicles; the number of private cars; vehicle-kilometers and passenger-kilometers; and the vehicle occupancy rate. The length of the road network can be used as an estimate for the supply of road infrastructure. For the analysis of the tension between the demand for mobility and the supply of road infrastructure, the average traffic intensity per day1 is used as a proxy. These indicators are described for 1985, 1990 and 1995 in Table 5.1 for Belgium and in Table 5.2 for Brussels. Every year, the number of registered motorized vehicles in Belgium increases substantially. Between 1985 and 1995, the number of registered motorized vehicles rose 28.5 percent. This rise is almost exclusively caused by an increase in the number of cars. In that same decade, the number of vehicle-kilometers increased 50 percent while the number of passenger-kilometers rose 39 percent. In that same period, a decrease of the average vehicle occupancy can be observed. The Belgian road network expanded 7.5 percent between 1985 and 1995. Expansion...

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