The Dynamics of Social Exclusion in Europe

The Dynamics of Social Exclusion in Europe

Comparing Austria, Germany, Greece, Portugal and the UK

Edited by Eleni Apospori and Jane Millar

Issues of poverty and social exclusion are high on the European policy agenda. The Dynamics of Social Exclusion in Europe reports findings from a study funded by the European Commission, using data from the European Community Household Panel, with a multi-dimensional approach to international comparisons of poverty and social exclusion. The research, building upon that of the preceding book – Poverty and Social Exclusion in Europe – compares four groups who are anticipated to be at particular risk of poverty and social exclusion; young adults, lone parents, the sick or disabled, and those retired from employment.

Chapter 2: The risk of multidimensional disadvantage and social exclusion during four life stages in a dynamic perspective

Panos Tsakloglou

Subjects: social policy and sociology, comparative social policy, sociology and sociological theory

Extract

Panos Tsakloglou INTRODUCTION Tsakloglou and Papadopoulos (2002) analysed the risk of multidimensional disadvantage and social exclusion of four risk groups – retired persons, sick or disabled persons, young adults and lone parents – in comparison with the living standards of the entire population from a static point of view in five EU member states (Austria, Germany, Greece, Portugal and the UK) using the micro data of the second wave of the European Community Household Panel (ECHP). The purpose of this analysis is to repeat this exercise in a dynamic framework, using the data of the first three waves of the ECHP, which cover the period 1994–6. Naturally, this limited time span is less than ideal for a dynamic analysis, but this was the only ECHP information available during the implementation of our project. For the purposes of the main part of the analysis, comparisons are performed in terms of low income (poverty), and relative deprivation in the fields of housing amenities, ability to afford particular durable goods and household necessities. In broad terms, the results of the static analysis show that a number of similarities and differences can be identified in these five countries with respect to the relative welfare position of the four risk groups under examination. According to most of the indices used, two of these groups – members of lone-parent households and sick or disabled persons – face a substantially higher risk of poverty, non-monetary material deprivation and multidimensional disadvantage than the average population member in all...

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