Chapter 14: Institutional Change and Empowerment under Globalisation: Some Lessons Learnt
Kartik C. Roy and Jörn Sideras This volume has examined how institutions inﬂuence the process of empowerment of people under a given institutional framework and how globalisation inﬂuences these institutions. Conducive social and economic institutions are crucial to the success of any programme of empowerment and development. Social institutions change very slowly. However, during the last few decades, globalisation has had a contradictory inﬂuence on and implications for domestic institutions. For example in India the ‘ideology of seclusion’ acts as the most powerful institutional deterrent to women’s empowerment, thus preventing women from achieving economic independence. Principally, the process of women’s empowerment can be facilitated if the force of the ‘ideology of seclusion’ is weakened. The eﬀect of globalisation on empowerment can be seen through its impact on domestic institutions, a phenomenon which has occurred in rural India. Also, in the United States, globalisation and the arrival of the information age are largely undercutting the traditional culture, which supported limited and subordinate roles for women. However, even in the case of a country such as the United States, the downsides of globalisation, for example the danger of regressive change, have to be carefully considered. Although slowly, globalisation has been weakening the force of the ‘ideology of seclusion’. Generally speaking, and not surprisingly, under the inﬂuence of globalisation domestic institutions are slowly changing. The editors of this volume have been particularly motivated by the fact that the eﬀects of the integration of the world economy...
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