Chapter 11: Backcountry Recreationists’ Valuation of Forest and Park Management Features in Wilderness Parks of the Western Canadian Shield
Peter C. Boxall, David O. Watson and Jeﬀrey Englin 1. INTRODUCTION Few studies of the recreational value of Canadian forest ecosystems have been undertaken. The expansion of the forest industry, agriculture, and urban development is making an understanding of these values more important. As industrial uses of the forest continue, knowledge of the relationship between the market and non-market values of goods and services provided by forests will become more important. Consequently, a major research eﬀort was initiated in 1992 to estimate the non-market values associated with backcountry recreation in a system of ﬁve wilderness parks in Manitoba and Ontario (see Watson et al., 1994; Englin et al., 1996; Boxall et al., 1995). This chapter reports on one aspect of this eﬀort – the inﬂuence of forest characteristics, levels of development, and recreation management features on recreation site choice and valuation. For this analysis one Manitoba park, Nopiming Provincial Park, was chosen as a case study. This park was selected because its management involved an ongoing registration system for backcountry visitors, it has no entrance fees or access restrictions, and because nearly all visitors drove to the park, making travel cost analyses attractive. The ecosystem types and diversity found in Nopiming are similar to those in the other four parks. These features, along with the fact that many backcountry recreationists visit more than one park in this system (Watson et al. in prep.), make studies of their activities in Nopiming representative of the ﬁve parks. The analysis...
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