Chapter 5: Contingent employment in Spain
Manuel Pérez Pérez INTRODUCTION Like most developed countries, Spain suﬀered a major unemployment crisis between 1981 and 1993. However, since 1992, the Spanish market appears to be recovering even if unemployment is still high and the Spanish labour market is unusually ﬂexible. The Spanish case, when compared to other OECD countries, is a representative case of a contradictory situation detected by the labour market analysts. Despite a highly dynamic economy, a ﬂexible labour market and a high rate of job creation, unemployment has remained high. This situation may be explained by a number of very diﬀerent factors. The ﬁrst factor is the return of a great number of Spanish migrant workers from other European countries; the second, the strong increase in the entry of women to the labour market since the middle of the 1980s; the third, perhaps, the very protectionist and interventionist labour legislation of the past. This chapter analyses the development of the Spanish labour market and in particular the use of contingent employment. Contingent employment is deﬁned in terms of limited duration contracts and temporary agency work. However, in Spain, there are no diﬀerences between the limited duration contracts and the contracts that can be used by an agency. Several sources have been used in the writing of this chapter. Firstly, we have analysed the statistical data published by the Spanish Department for Labour and Social Aﬀairs. These data come in turn from two main sources. On the one hand,...
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