Problems, Principles and Policies
Edited by Phoebe Koundouri, Panos Pashardes, Timothy M. Swanson and Anastasios Xepapadeas
Chapter 9: Water Management in Cyprus through a Decision-Support System
* Hariklea Kazeli, Tasos Christoﬁdes and Elpida Keravnou 9.1 INTRODUCTION During the last two decades the scarcity of water resources has exponentially grown worldwide. According to UN estimates in 1999, more than 1.2 billion people lack access to adequate water and 2.9 billion people have inadequate sanitation. Together, these problems cause more than four million deaths of children every year and about two billion instances of diseases. As a result, there has been a serious and growing concern about the water shortage problem, resulting in substantial progress in diﬀerent aspects of water resource development and management in diﬀerent parts of the world. In particular, special eﬀort has been made in taking integrated, holistic approaches to managing water by replacing use-based management water resources with integrated frameworks (Lintner, 1996). Thus the sustainable management of water resources constitutes a key challenge to be faced through research programmes and development projects in the Americas, Africa, Asia, Europe and the Middle East by organizations such as the World Bank and the European Union. The problem of water scarcity is especially severe in semi-arid countries and, in particular, in the coastal and island communities of the Mediterranean region, where the satisfaction of water demand is not possible (World Commission on Water, 1999). Cyprus, situated in the south-east part of the Mediterranean, is among the countries facing a huge watershortage problem (Hendawi, 1998). Considering the constant reduction in * The work reported here was supported by the European Union through project MEDWATER (IC18CT970138). The...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.