The McGill International Entrepreneurship series
Edited by Marian V. Jones and Pavlos Dimitratos
Chapter 13: Chinese, Italian and Sikh Ethnic Entrepreneurship in Canada: Implications for the Research Agenda, Education Programmes and Public Policy
Louis Jacques Filion, Charles Ramangalahy, Gabrielle A. Brenner and Teresa V. Menzies INTRODUCTION Interest in ethnic groups has a long history in academia. However, research and theory building on the subject of ethnic businesses and ethnic managerial practices remains underdeveloped (Rath and Kloosterman, 1999; Werbner, 1999). Knowledge of the characteristics of ethnic enterprises, the process of new venture creations, business successes and problems may be helpful in framing government policies and programmes for immigrants (Brenner et al., 1992a; Camarota, 2000; De Lourdes Villar, 1994). Immigrants or ethnic community entrepreneurs with strong links to their homeland may have formal and informal networks that will be of use to the entrepreneurs themselves, companies intending to do business overseas and local Canadian communities (for example, Chamard, 1995; Kotkin, 1988; Razin and Langlois, 1998; Saxenian, 1999; Tseng, 1995; Wong, 1997; Wong and Ng, 1998). Immigrant and ethnic community entrepreneurs are one of Canada’s largest natural resources, and one that remains largely untapped. A critical review of research into ethnic entrepreneurship by Rath and Kloosterman (1999) showed that most research in this area was mainly concerned with policy-making, lacked an integrative model and had little theoretical value. Reviews of the literature from Canada (Robichaud, 1999; Menzies et al., 2003), the Netherlands (Rath and Kloosterman, 1999), the UK (Deakins, 1999) and the USA (Aldrich and Waldinger, 1990) all point to the limitations of current knowledge, the lack of currently viable theoretical models and the need for research. This chapter follows and is an extension of the...
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