Chapter 10: Informal governance in the Common Agricultural Policy
Christilla Roederer-Rynning INTRODUCTION The purpose of this chapter is to examine how formal and informal aspects of governance have shaped the development of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) since the late 1950s. The task entails determining the role of these factors not only in the institutionalization of the CAP in the 1960s, but also in the slow re-institutionalization of this policy along new lines in the 1990s.1 A key premise of this study is that European farm politics underwent an ‘agrarian turn’ in the 1960s. It is arresting that the CAP today conjures up all the flaws of an anachronistically productivist project, for the early formulations of the CAP revealed the concern of its architects to include a variety of societal interests and to use structural policy as a tool of modernization. The ‘incongruous’ character (Fennell 1997, p. 20), until not so long ago, of the injunctions of early European policy-makers is a good indicator of this ‘agrarian turn’. An attentive reading of the Treaty of Rome of 1957 and of the proceedings of the Stresa Conference in June 1958 suggests that early Europeanists regarded agriculture ‘as an integral part of the economy and as an essential factor in social life’,2 urged their successors to draw consumer concerns into farm policy-making3, and even recommended a generous endowment of the structural dimension of agricultural policy.4 Although the terminology was often evasive and did not coalesce into a coherent vision, it clearly roomed a variety of projects besides the framework which...
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