Issues of Human Capital, Financial Capital and Network Structures
New Horizons in Entrepreneurship series
The growth in the number of women entrepreneurs over the past three decades has been described by some as an unbelievable phenomenon. Intricately contributing to this growth phenomenon are the increases in the number of minority women entrepreneurs, whose growth has been described as critical to the overall contributions of women entrepreneurs in the marketplace. The women business owners in this study are also in the purest sense entrepreneurs. That is, they were involved in the original development of their business or of the current state of their business. The basic thrust of this book is to hold gender constant and analyze the state of a national sample of women entrepreneurs across racial lines. A total of 263 women entrepreneurs (124 minority women entrepreneurs and 139 white women entrepreneurs) responded to the call to participate in this study. Each woman entrepreneur was initially contacted by mail with a letter to garner her participation in this study. The names and addresses for the women entrepreneurs were obtained from Dun and Bradstreet, a nationally recognized database firm. The company sells information on businesses nationwide to interested parties, including: individuals, private and public organizations, government agencies and institutions. Dun and Bradstreet obtains the information from the businesses themselves, who contact, or are contacted by, Dun and Bradstreet in order to be listed with this database firm. Dun and Bradstreet was instructed on the number of women entrepreneurs needed in each racial stratum. The racial minority categories were over-sampled, to ensure that an adequate...