Changing Institutions in the European Union

Changing Institutions in the European Union

A Public Choice Perspective

Edited by Giuseppe Eusepi and Friedrich Schneider

This book makes a valuable, analytical contribution to recent debates on the ongoing institutional changes occurring within the European Union. It provides a comprehensive and diverse insight into a variety of areas, including in-depth studies of fiscal, monetary and voting issues, to help elucidate the current period of transitional change.

Chapter 6: The role of international monetary institutions after the EMU and the Asian crises: some preliminary ideas using constitutional economics*

Friedrich Schneider

Subjects: economics and finance, public choice theory, politics and public policy, public choice


Friedrich Schneider 1. INTRODUCTION The realization of the euro as the single currency (or European Monetary Union, EMU) promises to be one of the great economic events in modern history. It will certainly be the most important change in the international monetary system since President Nixon took the US dollar off the gold standard in 1971, which resulted in the world monetary system adopting flexible exchange rates. The introduction of the euro in 2002 will have important economic consequences for the EU countries (see section 2) and will challenge the status of the dollar in the international monetary system (see section 3.1). It will also lead to a change of the monetary power configuration, because the monopoly situation of the dollar will be ended. For this and other reasons (such as the Asian crisis) the introduction of the euro will be the most important development since the dollar replaced the pound sterling as the dominant international currency during World War I. The international monetary institutions (such as the IMF, the World Bank and so on) will thus face new challenges and should rise to them (see section 3.2). In section 4 some theoretical ideas are put forward relating to how a new international monetary institution should operate. With the help of constitutional economics it will be shown how such a monetary institution should be configured in order to operate much more efficiently and react more appropriately to major financial economic crises such as the Asian one. In...

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