Chapter 5: Analytical Background of the Case Studies and Research Sites: Ecological, Historical and Social Perspectives
Sanit Aksornkoae, Wattana Sugunnasil and Suthawan Sathirathai SELECTION OF CASE STUDIES In order to understand better the local issues concerning shrimp farm expansion and mangrove loss, we selected two research sites for further case study. Two principal research sites were selected: two representative villages in Nakhon Si Thammarat Province (on the Gulf of Thailand) and two representative villages in Phang-nga Province (on the Andaman coast) (Figure 5.1). In Nakhon Si Thammarat Province, Ban Gong Khong in East Pak Panang Subdistrict, Pak Panang District and Ban Khlong Khut in Pak Nakhon Subdistrict, Muang District were selected. As for Phang-nga Province, Ban Sam Chong Tai in Kalai Subdistrict, Takua Thung District and Ban Bang Pat in Bang Toey Subdistrict, Muang District were chosen. The criterion for selecting these research sites was mainly based on the condition of mangrove forest depletion. Mangroves in Nakhon Si Thammarat have been depleted extensively, whereas in Pang-ngha the rate of destruction has been much slower and pristine forest still exists. The two sites were further compared in terms of the economic background and use of mangroves; the conversion of mangrove areas into other uses including commercial shrimp farms; conflicts of resource uses in the areas; and conservation of mangroves. This chapter provides an ecological, historical and social perspective on the four villages. Phang-nga Province Ban Sam Chong Tai in Kalai Subdistrict is located in the middle of a mangrove forest with limited road access. Villagers rely heavily on mangroves in terms of direct and indirect uses. For...
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