Shrimp Farming and Mangrove Loss in Thailand

Shrimp Farming and Mangrove Loss in Thailand

Edited by Edward B. Barbier and Suthawan Sathirathai

Through in-depth case studies of local communities in four distinct coastal areas in Southern Thailand, the authors are able to assess objectively the underlying economic causes, and consequences, of mangrove deforestation due to the expansion of shrimp farms.

Chapter 6: Mangrove Dependency, Income Distribution and Conservation

Isra Sarntisar and Suthawan Sathirathai

Subjects: asian studies, asian development, development studies, asian development, economics and finance, environmental economics, environment, asian environment, environmental economics, environmental sociology


Isra Sarntisart and Suthawan Sathirathai BACKGROUND This chapter analyzes the consumption behavior of households in the four case study coastal villages. Data from 201 households were sampled randomly from the total of 434 households in the four villages of which 55, 42, 53 and 51 households were from Ban Sam Chong Tai and Ban Bang Pat in Phang-nga Province, and Ban Gong Khong and Ban Khlong Khut in Nakhon Si Thammarat Province, respectively (Table 6.1). These households are generally dependent on mangrove forests. Some of the households derive their income directly from the forest, in terms of collection of fishery products, wood products and firewood. Some of them benefit indirectly from the existence of the forest through coastal fisheries of demersal and shell fish. Some also engage in aquaculture. These activities have different degrees of dependency on mangrove forest. Consequently, the degree to which the existence of mangrove forest affects their income and economic well-being differs across households and villages. Table 6.2 summarizes the average annual gross income of households in the four villages. The average annual gross (money and non-money) income of households in these villages was around 104 227, 179 776, 264 936, and Table 6.1 The number and size of households in the four villages Village Number of samples 201 55 42 53 51 96 Population 434 55 51 100 228 Household size 4.67 4.73 4.02 4.64 5.18 Number of earners 1.89 1.65 1.90 1.94 2.08 Total Ban Sam Chong Tai Ban Bang Pat Ban Gong Khong...

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