Shrimp Farming and Mangrove Loss in Thailand

Shrimp Farming and Mangrove Loss in Thailand

Edited by Edward B. Barbier and Suthawan Sathirathai

Through in-depth case studies of local communities in four distinct coastal areas in Southern Thailand, the authors are able to assess objectively the underlying economic causes, and consequences, of mangrove deforestation due to the expansion of shrimp farms.

Chapter 7: Household Use of Mangrove and Mangrove Conservation Decisions

Edward B. Barbier, Mark Cox and Isra Sarntisar

Subjects: asian studies, asian development, development studies, asian development, economics and finance, environmental economics, environment, asian environment, environmental economics, environmental sociology


Edward B. Barbier, Mark Cox and Isra Sarntisart INTRODUCTION The following analysis focuses on the mangrove conservation decisions of households in the four case study coastal villages of southern Thailand. As the previous chapters have indicated, in recent decades the traditional livelihoods of these villagers have been affected by the widespread mangrove deforestation that has occurred in Thailand, especially in southern coastal areas. The major cause of this forest loss has been the conversion of mangroves to commercial shrimp farms, as well as other coastal developments. Given this rapid loss of mangroves, many local communities in southern Thailand have increased their efforts to preserve the remaining forests from which they have traditionally benefited. These conservation efforts have included forest protection and replanting of degraded areas. However, the urban, industrial and tourist developments in the coastal areas not only have contributed to mangrove deforestation but also have led to economic development, demographic change and new employment opportunities in these areas. Therefore, with the rapid demographic, economic and social changes occurring in coastal areas, the willingness of households traditionally dependent on mangroves to participate in local conservation initiatives may vary considerably. This chapter will test the hypothesis that the degree of mangrove dependency is a major causative factor in the active participation of households from the four case study villages in conservation efforts. The hypothesis is that, once households realize that, as mangrove area declines they will experience a reduction in their economic livelihoods, the households will participate in the replanting of...

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.

Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.

Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

Further information