The Korean Economy Beyond the Crisis

The Korean Economy Beyond the Crisis

Edited by Duck-Koo Chung and Barry Eichengreen

Providing an integrated analysis of the event and its consequences, the chapters in the book consider the causes of the crisis, the response of the US government and International Monetary Fund, adjustments in the Korean monetary and fiscal policies, and the success of financial and corporate restructuring. The concluding chapters bring the story up-to-date, describing the aftermath of the crisis and assessing whether there has been sufficient reform to facilitate the country’s recovery and growth.

Chapter 3: What caused the crisis? A post mortem

Won-Am Park and Gongpil Choi

Subjects: asian studies, asian economics, economics and finance, asian economics, financial economics and regulation

Extract

1 Won-Am Park and Gongpil Choi INTRODUCTION Since the devastating crisis of 1997–98, the Asian economies have shown remarkable resilience. While early post mortems cited structural weaknesses in the affected countries as the principal cause of the crisis, the speed and vigor of the subsequent recovery sits uneasily with this explanation emphasizing deeply flawed economic and financial structures. The rapid turnaround, epitomized by Korea, is widely attributed to the fundamental strength of the Asian economies. Indeed, it can be argued that the recovery was due more to the restoration of the old system, reinvigorated by macroeconomic policy stimulus and the shedding of excess capacity in heavy industry, than to any fundamental change in economic structure. All this is seen as casting doubt on the structural-flaws explanation for the crisis and as supporting instead an interpretation emphasizing volatile capital flows and erratic investor sentiment. To be sure, the post-crisis recovery has a transient element. There is a tendency for growth to exceed sustainable rates in the short run, as the economy begins to spring back from the crisis. This is a specific instance of a general point: growth performance in Asia over any short horizon must be placed in the context of the boom-and-bust cycles experienced by the economies of the region. It follows that any effort to identify the causes of the Asian crisis must adopt a broader perspective and a longer time frame. More than five years after the crisis, there remains considerable disagreement about why...

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