Theory, Evidence and Policy
Edited by Boelie Elzen, Frank W. Geels and Ken Green
René Kemp and Jan Rotmans INTRODUCTION This chapter examines the possibilities for achieving a transition to sustainable transport. It outlines and applies a new policy perspective, called transition management, developed by the authors for the Dutch government for managing the transition process to sustainable transport in a gradual, non-disruptive way. Because current policy has failed adequately to solve the mobility problem, there is a deﬁnite need for a new policy perspective that aims to develop structural, long-term solutions that oﬀer user beneﬁts and sustainability beneﬁts. Transition management employs an integrative and multi-scale framework for policy deliberation, choice of instruments and actions by individuals, private and public organizations and NGOs. It aims for long-term change through small steps informed by transition goals and sustainability visions. It is not an instrument but a perspective for government and society as a whole. The structure of the chapter is as follows. Section 2 oﬀers a discussion of the problems of transport. Section 3 introduces the transition concept and oﬀers a typology of transitions. Section 4 examines the governance aspect of transitions, discussing diﬀerent coordination methods and modes of governance. Section 5 describes the model of transition management, which is applied to passenger transport in Section 7 after a discussion of the current Dutch transport and mobility policy in Section 6. PROBLEMS RELATED TO TRANSPORT Transport suﬀers from a series of serious problems: congestion, pollution, traﬃc accidents leading to casualties, noise, fragmentation of landscapes in rural...
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