Theory, Evidence and Policy
Edited by Boelie Elzen, Frank W. Geels and Ken Green
Chapter 8: Getting through the ‘Twilight Zone’: Managing Transitions through Process-based, Horizontal and Interactive Governance
Geert R. Teisman and Jurian Edelenbos INTRODUCTION Quality is in the Eye of the Beholder and Requires Combining Above All Sustainable development is a frequently discussed concept (Palmer et al., 1997). It ﬁts in with the more general quest for quality. This quest appears to become an important point of attention in a network society. There seems to be a broad consensus that quality is needed. In that sense the need for sustainability is universally deﬁned and embraced. The deﬁnition has to do with survival and with the ability to develop a society without creating a scarcity of its basic elements and building materials. Although the quest for sustainability may command broad support, eﬀective results will not be realized easily. The lack of progress in achieving eﬀective results has partly to do with the diﬀerences of opinion on the question of what sustainability is and how it is to be achieved. Deﬁnitions of sustainable development vary considerably. Various directions to solve the problem are deﬁned. Every direction in itself can be advanced by diﬀerent implementation schemes. Transitions towards sustainability therefore will have to be achieved within a multiplicity of realities. This insight will serve as a basis assumption for our research on the question of how sustainability can be achieved. It draws our attention to perceived realities. How sustainability is deﬁned, and how this ‘better’ situation is to be achieved, is in the eye of the beholder. The meaning of ‘sustainable...
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