Theory and Policy in the Context of EU Enlargement and Economic Transition
The Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei series on Economics, the Environment and Sustainable Development
Edited by John W. Maxwell and Rafael Reuveny
Chapter 13: Policy in Transition: A New Framework for Russia’s Climate Policy
* Vladimir Kotov EVOLUTION OF RUSSIA’S CLIMATE POLICY: FROM THE 1990S INTO THE 2000S Today, the climate policy of Russia is often evaluated in order to answer the question: will Russia ratify the Kyoto Protocol? The search for this answer is based mainly on already formed stereotypes regarding this policy and its major features in the 1990s. However, Russian climate policy is rapidly changing, and it seems that the rate of change is accelerating. Ratiﬁcation of the Kyoto Protocol is one of the most important items on the current Russian climate policy agenda. It cannot be regarded only within the framework of climate policy. The issue of ratiﬁcation is a focal point where various interests are concentrated and collide: not only the interests of climate policy as such, but interests rooted in economic, energy and structural policies as well. Thus, adequate evaluation of current processes under way within Russia’s climate policy, including the prospects for Kyoto ratiﬁcation, is possible only (1) within a broader socio-economic and political framework, (2) taking into account recent changes in economic and administrative structures and (3) after identifying the interests of the major actors participating in the Russian climate policy formation, and their possible impacts on it. Russia’s climate policy has several speciﬁc features. The ﬁrst is that its formation was, and still is, under conditions of transition. The climate policy institutional structure remains fragmented; thorough design has not yet been established, and many institutions have yet to be formed. The major...
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