Table of Contents

Handbook on East Asian Social Policy

Handbook on East Asian Social Policy

Elgar original reference

Edited by Misa Izuhara

Dramatic socio-economic transformations over the last two decades have brought social policy and social welfare issues to prominence in many East Asian societies. Since the 1990s and in response to national as well as global pressure, there have been substantial developments and reforms in social policy in the region but the development paths have been uneven. Until recently, comparative analysis of East Asian social policy tends to have focused on the established welfare state of Japan and the emerging welfare regimes of four ‘Tiger Economies’. Much of the recent debate indeed preceded China’s re-emergence onto the world economy. In this context, this Handbook brings China more fully into the contemporary social policy debates in East Asia. Organised around five themes from welfare state developments, to theories and methodologies, to current social policy issues, the Handbook presents original research from leading specialists in the fields, and provides a fresh and updated perspective to the study of social policy.

Chapter 21: The political economy of cross-border higher education: the intra-national flow of students in Greater China

William Yat Wai Lo

Subjects: asian studies, asian development, asian politics and policy, asian social policy, development studies, asian development, politics and public policy, asian politics, social policy and sociology, comparative social policy


Almost immediately upon his assumption of office in 2008, Ma Ying-Jeou, the current president of the Republic of China (ROC, hereafter Taiwan),set about the task of strengthening the relationship with the People’s Republic of China (PRC, hereafter mainland China). In this context, the Economic Co-operation Framework Agreement between the two Chinese societies, which signaled a deepening of economic collaboration and integration, was signed in 2010, and Taiwan passed the legislation to recognize academic degrees awarded by Chinese universities and to allow Taiwanese universities to recruit students from the mainland later in the same year. Taiwan expects that there will be an increasing inbound flow of students from the main land. While we have witnessed the emerging cross-border collaboration in higher education between mainland China and Taiwan, the Hong Kong special administrative region of the PRC (hereafter Hong Kong) continues to play a role of being a bridge to international higher education for mainland Chinese students. For years, students from the mainland have been attracted by the international reputation and education quality of Hong Kong’s universities, and therefore choose the city as their destination territory. Meanwhile, in many cases, owing to the reputational supremacy of Hong Kong’s higher education, mainland Chinese students also intend to make the city a stepping-stone to their further development in the West. This makes Hong Kong play a dual role in the outbound flow of mainland Chinese students (Li and Bray, 2007).

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