New Actors and Modes of Governance in a Globalizing World
Edited by Susan L. Robertson, Karen Mundy, Antoni Verger and Francine Menashy
Chapter 1: An Introduction to Public Private Partnerships and Education Governance
Susan L. Robertson, Karen Mundy, Antoni Verger and Francine Menashy In the field of international development, different decades seem to usher in new champions of change: the developmental state in the 1960s and 1970s; free market forces and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) in the 1980s and 1990s. The new millennium has offered up a hybrid variant of public-private partnerships (PPPs)… partnership has become a mobilising term implying all manner of desirable objectives can be achieved. (Utting and Zammit 2006, p. 1) Introduction Over the past two decades, significant changes in the governance of education systems have been put into place as international institutions, governments, firms, philanthropies and consultants have promoted more hybrid partnership arrangements, involving new combinations of state and non-state actors engaged in a range of activities within the education sector. These newer forms of education governance often operate across scales, through interactions between local, regional and national governments and intergovernmental organizations, and between these and national and transnationally configured profit firms, philanthropists, NGOs and religious organizations. A wide range of terms have now emerged to capture these developments, though arguably in the international community it is the term Public Private Partnerships (PPPs) that has been globalized and acquired iconic status. At the broadest level, PPPs can be defined as ‘cooperative institutional arrangements between public and private sector actors’, or more elaborately as ‘…cooperation of some sort of durability between public and private actors, in which they jointly develop products and services and share risks, costs and resources which are...