Table of Contents

Handbook of Research Methods and Applications in Empirical Macroeconomics

Handbook of Research Methods and Applications in Empirical Macroeconomics

Handbooks of Research Methods and Applications series

Edited by Nigar Hashimzade and Michael A. Thornton

This comprehensive Handbook presents the current state of art in the theory and methodology of macroeconomic data analysis. It is intended as a reference for graduate students and researchers interested in exploring new methodologies, but can also be employed as a graduate text. The Handbook concentrates on the most important issues, models and techniques for research in macroeconomics, and highlights the core methodologies and their empirical application in an accessible manner. Each chapter is largely self-contained, whilst the comprehensive introduction provides an overview of the key statistical concepts and methods. All of the chapters include the essential references for each topic and provide a sound guide for further reading.

Chapter 7: Cointegration and error correction

James Davidson

Subjects: economics and finance, econometrics, research methods, research methods in economics


Elementary courses in statistics introduce at an early stage the key assumption of ‘random sampling’. In more technical language, the data set is assumed to be identically and independently distributed (i.i.d.). In this framework a range of simple and elegant results can be derived, for example, that the variance of the mean of n observations is 1/n times the variance of the observations themselves.

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