Managing Macroeconomic Policies for Sustainable Growth

Managing Macroeconomic Policies for Sustainable Growth

John Asafu-Adjaye and Renuka Mahadevan

The authors expertly reveal a model-based analysis of economic development and environmental issues with policy prescriptions for enhancing sustainable development. Within the last four decades, there has been a rapid deterioration in the quality of our environmental and natural resources, raising grave concerns about the sustainability of unbridled economic growth. In light of these concerns, the authors analyse a range of economic and environmental issues, and propose policy recommendations that would enhance sustainable economic growth. The book covers a variety of issues related to economic development, trade, energy and climate change, and focuses on countries in the Asia-Pacific region including Australia, Thailand, Papua New Guinea and Fiji.

Chapter 3: The Boom (or Gloom) of Papua New Guinea

John Asafu-Adjaye and Renuka Mahadevan

Subjects: asian studies, asian development, asian economics, development studies, asian development, development economics, economics and finance, asian economics, development economics


30 Managing macroeconomic policies for sustainable growth The remainder of this chapter is organised as follows. The next section sets the chapter into context by providing an overview of PNG’s economy. Section 3.3 discusses commodity growth as the driving force of the economy, while Section 3.4 takes a closer look at the food sector. Section 3.5 briefly describes the features of the CGE model used in the analysis. Section 3.6 maps out the policy scenarios simulated in the analysis, while Section 3.7 presents and discusses the empirical results. Section 3.8 concludes with the summary and policy implications. 3.2 THE PNG ECONOMY The developing economy of PNG is well endowed with large reserves of renewable and non-renewable natural resources. The former includes timber which covers about 75% of the land area as well as agricultural and marine resources. The coastline is over 10,000 km long and the marine area inside the 200-mile economic exclusive zone covers 2.4 million km2 of ocean. The non-renewable resources include gold, copper, oil, gas and other minerals. Unfortunately, neither the two major mineral booms of the early 1990s nor the substantial aid from its colonial power, Australia, saw PNG’s average per capita GDP improve. Overall, PNG’s development record since its independence from Australia in 1976 has been disappointing. Life expectancy and adult literacy rates are well below those of neighbouring countries in the South Pacific and South-east Asia with a human development index rank of 148 out of 182 countries and a human poverty index...

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