A Comparative Study of Inspection Regimes in Times of Change
Chapter 2: Regulation of Health and Safety Management: A Developmental Perspective
INTRODUCTION This chapter and the next explore the development and contexts of regulation and regulatory inspection of health and safety at work. Their aim is to aid understanding of the background to a range of issues concerning the regulation of health and safety in general, of mandatory health and safety management in particular and of the consequences of these developments for regulatory surveillance of OHS in advanced market economies. This is done to frame the detailed discussion of the role that labour inspection plays in the delivery of health and safety management in the workplaces of the countries that are the focus of analysis in subsequent chapters and in which the impact of the changing structure, organization, political and economic contexts of work are explored in greater depth. In this chapter we present some key issues in the regulatory background to inspection of health and safety at work, while the following chapter is concerned with an overview of the development of inspection itself. Therefore the present chapter outlines the trajectory OHS regulation has taken in most advanced market economies from its origins to the present, focusing on the rise to prominence of approaches mandating its management. It also examines some challenges posed by the changing world of work for effectively delivering mandated OHS management (OHSM). This involves three main tasks. Since our focus is on regulation that has been increasingly directed to managing OHS more systematically, we ﬁrst provide an account of how this change in regulatory emphasis took place...
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