A Comparative Study of Inspection Regimes in Times of Change
Chapter 5: Inspecting Occupational Health and Safety Process Standards in Australia
INTRODUCTION Chapter 4 explained that in Australia the shift from OHS speciﬁcation standards to performance and process standards began in the late 1970s, and intensiﬁed in the period 1983–91 by which time all Australian jurisdictions had introduced Robens-inﬂuenced general duties OHS legislation. Initially OHS inspectorates were slow to adapt to these changes, but in recent years signiﬁcant reforms to structures, processes and procedures have been undertaken within the OHS inspectorates to implement more effectively the new-style OHS standards. Drawing on evidence from a detailed study of four Australian states, this chapter examines how inspectorates implemented process standards and the extent to which they sought to inculcate in OHS duty-holders a more systematic approach to OHS management (OHSM). The following section describes the study of OHS inspectorates that forms the empirical basis for this chapter. We then present the ﬁndings of this study, followed by a conclusion. THE AUSTRALIAN STUDY OF THE IMPLEMENTATION OF OHS PROCESS STANDARDS Between 2003 and 2007 a study, funded by the Australian Research Council, was undertaken with OHS inspectorates in four state jurisdictions (Queensland, Tasmania, Victoria and Western Australia), examining activities and responses to changing OHS standards and issues. States were selected as representative of both small and large jurisdictions in terms of geographic size and population size and distribution. In addition to analysis of agency documents and statistics, detailed interviews were undertaken with 160 agency staff (see Table 5.1) including 29 senior managers, 21 ex-inspectors and 94 current inspectors using...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.