A Comparative Study of Inspection Regimes in Times of Change
Chapter 12: Regulatory Inspection and the Impact of Requirements for Systematic OHS Management in Five Countries
JOBNAME: Walters et al PAGE: 1 SESS: 3 OUTPUT: Tue Sep 6 15:16:43 2011 12. Regulatory inspection and the impact of requirements for systematic OHS management in ﬁve countries THE SCOPE OF THIS CHAPTER This chapter draws together the main themes that have emerged from the national case studies. First it compares and contrasts the regulatory and institutional background to OHS management (OHSM) inspection in the ﬁve countries studied, noting patterns of convergence or divergence between them. It then considers where approaches to OHSM ﬁt in the strategies of regulatory agencies and inspection practices in the ﬁve countries, exploring whether OHSM regulation has a central place in inspection strategies overall, as well as questions of resourcing, again noting patterns of convergence and divergence. While its central focus is on the labour inspectorate, the chapter also compares and contrasts the infrastructure of the OHS systems in different countries and discusses the signiﬁcance of other actors and their resources in approaches to compliance with OHSM requirements. Broadly speaking, the ﬁndings of previous chapters illuminated the continuing role of regulatory inspection in improving health and safety in modern work settings, through requiring better approaches to its systematic management. But they also identiﬁed the difﬁculties that inspectors face in inspecting, and requiring better, OHSM, and the limitations of traditional approaches to inspection in this respect. At the core of the present chapter, therefore, is a comparative account of the salient features of the successes and challenges experienced in relation...
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