A Comparative Study of Inspection Regimes in Times of Change
Chapter 13: Conclusions: Ways of Understanding Regulatory Inspection of OHS Management in the Modern World of Work
INTRODUCTION How do we understand the signiﬁcance of the processes of inspection of OHS management (OHSM) in the current world of work in advanced market economies? This chapter begins to address this question by examining our ﬁndings in the context of previous explanations of the role of regulatory inspection in health and safety at work. We do this ﬁrst by brieﬂy reconsidering accounts of the emergence of process regulation that help to explain the features of its operation we have observed in our case studies. We then turn to ways of understanding the role of regulatory inspection in this context and again examine previous accounts of its part in seeking improved OHS standards in industrialized societies. We are especially interested in accounts concerning the inﬂuence of socio-economic and political factors in shaping the policies and practices of regulatory inspectorates and we examine our own ﬁndings in the light of these understandings. We next seek a wider explanation of the impact of the restructuring of work on the controls that are in place to protect the health and well-being of workers. In particular, of course, we are interested in the impact of these processes and their economic and political drivers on the capacity of regulatory inspectorates to deliver surveillance and achieve compliance from duty-holders in relation to measures to improve OHSM. But as we pointed out in the introduction to this book, in common with previous sociological analysis in this ﬁeld, we have adopted this focus as a...
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