Evolving Concepts and Processes
European Research in Entrepreneurship series
Edited by Odd Jarl Borch, Alain Fayolle, Paula Kyrö and Elisabet Ljunggren
Chapter 2: Temporal Stability of Entrepreneurial Intentions: A Longitudinal Study
Francisco Liñán, Juan C. Rodríguez-Cohard and Joaquín Guzmán INTRODUCTION Entrepreneurship is considered as a process that occurs over time (Bygrave, 2003; Dubini and Aldrich, 1991; Gartner, 2004; Jack and Anderson, 2002; Liñán, 2007). More recently, cognitive models have received considerable attention (Busenitz and Lau, 1996; De Carolis and Saparito, 2006; Shepherd and Zacharakis, 2003; Westhead et al., 2005). According to authors such as Baron (1998, 2004), the cognitive perspective has much to offer in the understanding of the entrepreneurial process. Entrepreneurial cognition is quite a broad concept and may include many different topics. In this sense, Baron and Ward (2004) specifically include the study of entrepreneurial intentions within it. Several studies have applied intention models to explain the decision to start a firm. In particular, the applicability of the planned behaviour approach (Ajzen, 1991) to entrepreneurship has been consistently corroborated. A number of studies have tried to explain the factors and variables that explain intention. Empirical analyses of entrepreneurial intentions are increasingly common (Autio et al., 2001; Erikson, 1999; Kolvereid, 1996; Krueger, 1993; Krueger et al., 2000; Lee and Wong, 2004; Liñán and Chen, 2009; Peterman and Kennedy, 2003; Tkachev and Kolvereid, 1999; Veciana et al., 2005). However, very few attempts have been made to date to analyse the temporal progression in intention (whether intention is stable over time); or the intention–behaviour link. Only in relation to effectiveness of education have changes in attitudes and intentions been measured. In this sense, Souitaris et...
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