NECTAR Series on Transportation and Communications Networks Research
Edited by Cathy Macharis and Sandra Melo
Chapter 4: Urban Freight Policy Innovation for Rome’s LTZ: A Stakeholder Perspective
Amanda Stathopoulos, Eva Valeri, Edoardo Marcucci, Valerio Gatta, Agostino Nuzzolo and Antonio Comi INTRODUCTION City logistics is defined as ‘the process for totally optimising the logistics and transport activities by private companies in urban areas while considering the traffic environment, the traffic congestion and energy consumption within the framework of a market economy’ (Taniguchi et al., 1999, p. 17). In other words, city logistics can be considered a branch of transport modelling that deals with the typical problems relating to urban freight transport, such as congestion, time-window regulations, on-street loading and unloading of goods and environmental emissions caused by freight vehicles. Recent literature points towards the importance of explicitly considering different stakeholders’ unique perspectives. Indeed, recognizing and understanding the concerns of different stakeholders and their problem identification with respect to urban freight is a key factor to successfully introduce urban freight policies. This chapter contributes to the understanding of practical issues relating to stakeholder evaluation of urban freight policies. The empirical section of the chapter presents evidence from stakeholder focus groups set in a specific and complex political and urban environment: the Limited Traffic Zone (LTZ) in Rome. In surveying the problems surrounding goods movements in Rome’s LTZ, we focus on three main questions: ● ● Which are the principal problems associated with freight transport, according to the main stakeholders? What is the view of the current regulatory context and how does this modulate the problem perceptions? 75 MACHARIS PRINT (M2674).indd 75 27/07/2011 08:40 76 ● City distribution and urban freight...
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