City Distribution and Urban Freight Transport

City Distribution and Urban Freight Transport

Multiple Perspectives

NECTAR Series on Transportation and Communications Networks Research

Edited by Cathy Macharis and Sandra Melo

City distribution plays a key role in supporting urban lifestyles, helping to serve and retain industrial and trading activities, and contributing to the competitiveness of regional industry. Despite these positive effects, it also generates negative (economic, environmental and social) impacts on cities worldwide. Relatively little attention has been paid to these issues by researchers and policymakers until recently. The analyses found in City Distribution and Urban Freight Transport aim to improve knowledge in this important area by recognizing and evaluating the problems, with a focus on urban freight transport systems.

Chapter 5: Multi-Actor Multi-Criteria Analysis: A Case Study on Night-time Delivery for Urban Distribution

Cathy Macharis, Ellen Van Hoeck, Sara Verlinde, Wanda Debauche and Frank Witlox

Subjects: environment, transport, geography, cities, urban and regional studies, cities, transport, urban studies


Cathy Macharis, Ellen Van Hoeck, Sara Verlinde, Wanda Debauche and Frank Witlox INTRODUCTION This chapter presents the multi-actor multi-criteria analysis (MAMCA) that, as a stakeholder-oriented tool to evaluate transport projects, was developed at the Department of MOSI – Transport and Logistics of the Vrije Universiteit Brussel (Macharis, 2004). In this chapter it is used as a tool for measuring public support for night-time delivery in urban surroundings as it enables incorporation of the views of different stakeholders, in this case the receiver, the transport sector, society as a whole and the employee, and their criteria. These stakeholders were interviewed on their attitude towards five different scenarios in which the time periods for deliveries and/or the accompanying measures differ. In the case of city distribution, different stakeholders are involved, which can make difficulties. For example, the given alternatives are hard to implement because of different constraints of optimization (Menge and Hebes, 2009). Some of the stakeholders are resistant to alternatives given by other stakeholders. Therefore an appropriate methodology to handle the constraints is required, which is possible with the MAMCA. This chapter presents both the MAMCA approach and the results of the case study. In a later section, we focus on the MAMCA methodology, which allows the points of view of several stakeholders and their goals to be incorporated into the analysis. Then we present a case study of the MAMCA used in night-time distribution. The final section summarizes the conclusions. 101 MACHARIS PRINT (M2674).indd 101 27/07/2011 08:40 102 City...

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