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Post-Crisis Growth and Integration in Europe

Post-Crisis Growth and Integration in Europe

Catching-up Strategies in CESEE Economies

Edited by Ewald Nowotny, Peter Mooslechner and Doris Ritzberger-Grünwald

Against the backdrop of the financial crisis that unfolded in 2008, this book deals with policy challenges going forward, focusing in particular on the ongoing catching-up process in Central, Eastern and South-Eastern European countries.

Chapter 7: Unlocking Growth Potential in the Balkans

Bostjan Jazbec and Albulene Kastrati

Subjects: economics and finance, financial economics and regulation


Boštjan Jazbec and Albulenë Kastrati INTRODUCTION 1 The financial crisis that started in 2008 and whose impact on world financial markets is still unresolved also affected the less developed economies in the CESEE region, formerly known as transition economies. The crisis response of those countries, which have more or less successfully joined the European Union or are intensively involved in the accession process, depended primarily on the extent of the reforms they have been able to introduce during the last 20 years of the transition process. Following in the footsteps of the most successful erstwhile transition economies in terms of their economic development and proximity to euro adoption, today’s less developed economies of the EU region are able to leap over the early stages of the transition process as observed almost 20 years ago. However, it seems that the factors which largely determined the success of the transition process at the time have diminished in importance as it has become obvious that macroeconomic stabilization and financial liberalization are not enough to maintain higher growth rates. The South-Eastern European (SEE) countries1 have been late-comers to the process of EU accession. The region was plagued by political and war conflicts, which slowed down the pace of structural reform. Being geographically landlocked was also unconducive to faster economic revival and higher economic growth. Lying next to Greece, the most problematic of the EU member countries in terms of economic stability and financial fragility in recent years, the only EU country in the...

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