Furthering Environmental Impact Assessment

Furthering Environmental Impact Assessment

Towards a Seamless Connection between EIA and EMS

Edited by Anastássios Perdicoúlis, Bridget Durning and Lisa Palframan

The environmental impact of development projects is currently studied and mitigated from two distinct perspectives: before and after project implementation, with environmental impact assessment (EIA) and environmental management systems (EMS) being the main instruments on the respective sides. This double perspective creates a discontinuity in the way environmental impacts are analysed, an issue that has been noted by both academics and practitioners. This book gathers and presents both theoretical and actual examples to link EIA with EMS and explores ways to overcome difficulties and provide innovative solutions.

Chapter 9: EIA–EMS Link from the Waste Management Sector

Lisa Palframan

Subjects: business and management, management and sustainability, environment, environmental management, environmental sociology

Extract

Lisa Palframan Alongside the increasing recognition of the need for resource efficiency, the delivery of infrastructure to manage waste with minimal environmental impact is recognised as a major priority (DEFRA, 2007a; UNECA, 2009). Public concern over the possible health and social impacts of waste management sites has also become apparent. Environmental tools are therefore needed to address both environmental and social concerns about waste management. Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) and Environmental Management Systems (EMS) are capable of collectively addressing these concerns, to enable infrastructure to be delivered in a way which minimises impact. This chapter outlines the environmental impacts of waste, the types of waste management infrastructure being delivered within the European policy context and the planning and consenting of waste projects in Europe. It then explores how EIA and EMS can be used together in the case of a multi-site company operating a landfill site in the UK. 9.1 The Environmental Impacts of Waste Management There is a strong link between economic growth and waste production. As societies prosper, consumption levels rise and more waste is generated. In many countries, there is increasing awareness of the need to minimise waste produced and increase recycling levels. Indeed within Europe, comprehensive legislation has forced Member States to ensure businesses and consumers reduce the amount of waste produced. The End of Life Vehicles Directive (2000/53/EC) and the Packaging Waste Directive (94/62/EC) are two examples which aim 143 Furthering Environmental Impact Assessment to reduce the environmental impact of waste and identify...

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