Towards a Seamless Connection between EIA and EMS
Edited by Anastássios Perdicoúlis, Bridget Durning and Lisa Palframan
Chapter 9: EIA–EMS Link from the Waste Management Sector
Lisa Palframan Alongside the increasing recognition of the need for resource efﬁciency, the delivery of infrastructure to manage waste with minimal environmental impact is recognised as a major priority (DEFRA, 2007a; UNECA, 2009). Public concern over the possible health and social impacts of waste management sites has also become apparent. Environmental tools are therefore needed to address both environmental and social concerns about waste management. Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) and Environmental Management Systems (EMS) are capable of collectively addressing these concerns, to enable infrastructure to be delivered in a way which minimises impact. This chapter outlines the environmental impacts of waste, the types of waste management infrastructure being delivered within the European policy context and the planning and consenting of waste projects in Europe. It then explores how EIA and EMS can be used together in the case of a multi-site company operating a landﬁll site in the UK. 9.1 The Environmental Impacts of Waste Management There is a strong link between economic growth and waste production. As societies prosper, consumption levels rise and more waste is generated. In many countries, there is increasing awareness of the need to minimise waste produced and increase recycling levels. Indeed within Europe, comprehensive legislation has forced Member States to ensure businesses and consumers reduce the amount of waste produced. The End of Life Vehicles Directive (2000/53/EC) and the Packaging Waste Directive (94/62/EC) are two examples which aim 143 Furthering Environmental Impact Assessment to reduce the environmental impact of waste and identify...
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