This chapter explores the role religion and religious organizations can play in development in a post-disaster context. Special attention will be given to the development efforts in Aceh, Indonesia, following the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami. This province of Indonesia was disproportionately affected by the disaster, both in terms of loss of life and physical destruction. This chapter begins with an overview of the place of religion in development and how scholars and practitioners view it. Development and the Islamic world specifically and the way religion is currently seen in the context of post-disaster aid will also be discussed. An overview of Acehnese society around the time the tsunami occurred is provided as background for a consideration of religion and development in post-tsunami Aceh. How the Acehnese view the disaster and the role of the religious faith in shaping their perceptions of the event and post-tsunami development efforts are described, with the chapter closing with a discussion of what this might mean for future development efforts, especially in the context of natural disaster.
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