Chapter 7: Innovation and R & D surveys in Norway
Norwegian surveys on innovation activity in the business enterprise sector have been undertaken by Statistics Norway in the form of representative sample surveys since the early 1990s. The surveys have been part of the Eurostat Community Innovation Survey (CIS), which has been developed gradually since the first innovation survey (CIS 1), undertaken for the year 1992. CIS 2 was carried through for the year 1997, CIS 3 for 2001, and since 2004 (CIS 4) the surveys have been performed every second year; the last one was CIS 2010. The Norwegian surveys have closely followed the Eurostat recommendations for CIS, both in content and methodology, given in the Oslo Manual (OECD/Eurostat 2005). Almost all themes/questions in CIS have been implemented in the Norwegian questionnaire. All core activity classes in CIS have been included in Norway, but with some additional ones. The Norwegian survey covers the entire manufacturing sector and large parts of the services sector. It also covers extraction of oil and gas, aquaculture and construction. In the CIS 2010 the tourism sector was also included. The lower size limit for enterprises to be included was ten employees up until 2004, and from 2006 onwards it was five employees.
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