Chapter 8: Innovation surveys: experience from Japan
This chapter describes the Japanese experience of innovation surveys. Innovation is recognized as essential for sustainable growth and economic development. Innovation policy requires evidence to support it. The measurement and analysis of innovation activities and the innovation system provide the fundamental evidence required. Economic activities are globalized. In these circumstances, innovation policy needs to take this into account when dealing with the national innovation system. This can be done by undertaking internationally harmonized measurement of innovation. Japan, as an OECD member country, has contributed to this harmonization. Also, it has adapted it to the Japanese environment in order to exploit rich and useful information from the results. Some of what makes Japan different is now described. First, Japan is a non-EU country. Innovation surveys have been conducted as repetitions of the Community Innovation Survey (CIS) in European countries. In other non-EU OECD countries, including Japan, Korea and China, innovation surveys have been conducted that are comparable with the CIS. In the case of the European Economic Area (EEA) countries, each country has to transmit the determined statistics to Eurostat according to an EU decision and regulation. These provide the justification for each country to conduct an innovation survey and to provide the results to Eurostat, the statistical office of the EU. However, Japan has no framework for regulating an innovation survey.
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