Innovation scoreboards are an attempt to summarize innovation indicators and to compare innovation performance of countries, regions or sectors. Although they are becoming more and more popular and relevant for policy making, there still seems to be no standard definition of a scoreboard. Do scoreboards include rankings by several and/or single (composite) indicators? Do they include profiles of countries or regions? Do they include benchmarking against the average, best practice and/or others? In this chapter the term scoreboard is used in a very broad sense and includes international comparative reports that do not use the term. Similar to the review of innovation scoreboards by Arundel and Hollanders (2008), we do not restrict the comparison to innovation scoreboards and reports, but include more general international reports, especially competitiveness reports, if they include an important innovation dimension. This survey partly updates the information collected in Arundel and Hollanders (2008) as well as in Weissenberger-Eibl et al. (2011), but using the perspective of innovation surveys and illustrating how innovation surveys are used (or not used) in selected reports. This chapter is structured as follows. In Section 2 the most prominent innovation scoreboards and international innovation indicator reports are presented: the Innovation Union Scoreboard (formerly European Innovation Scoreboard), the OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard as well as the OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook and INSEAD’s Global Innovation Index. To these is added a recently modified German attempt, Innovationsindikator, because of its methodological approach.
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