Making Capitalism in Rural China

Making Capitalism in Rural China

Michael Webber

This stimulating and challenging book explores the duplicitous nature of development in China. On the positive side, it brings longer and healthier lives; fewer children dead before they are five years old; more comfort and security from famine and disaster; more education; more communication; more travel; less war. But from another, darker perspective, development brings violence to some people – those who are in the way of the new things, those who cannot adapt to the new ways – and it threatens old knowledges, habits and societies as it disrupts old power structures.

Principal Leaders in the Central Government Since the 1982 Constitution

Michael Webber

Subjects: asian studies, asian development, asian geography, asian urban and regional studies, development studies, asian development, development studies, geography, human geography, urban and regional studies, urban studies

Extract

President (国家主席) Li Xiannian (李先念) 18 June 1983–8 April 1988 Yang Shangkun (楊尚昆) 8 April 1988–27 March 1993 Jiang Zemin (江澤民) 27 March 1993–23 March 2003 Hu Jintao (胡錦濤) 23 March 2003–(incumbent) Premier (中华人民共和国国务院总理) Zhao Ziyang (赵紫阳) 10 September 1980–24 November 1987 Li Peng (李鹏) (acting 24 November 1987–25 March 1988); 25 March 1988–17 March 1998 Zhu Rongji (朱镕基) 17 March 1998–16 March 2003 Wen Jiabao (温家宝) 16 March 2003–(incumbent) General Secretary of the Chinese Communist Party (中国共产党中央委员 会总书记) Hu Yaobang (胡耀邦) 1981–16 January 1987 Zhao Ziyang (赵紫阳) 16 January 1987–23 June 1989 Since Zhao, the President has been General Secretary. Chairman of the Central Military Commission (中央军事委员会领导) Deng Xiaoping (邓小平) 28 June 1981–9 November 1989 Since Deng, this position has been held by the President. Paramount Leader (党和国家最高领导人) Deng Xiaoping (邓小平) 22 December 1978–12 October 1992 Since Deng, the position of Paramount Leader has been tied to formal office – the Presidency. x M2819 - WEBBER TEXT.indd x 20/12/2011 08:38